Monday, January 29, 2018

Books That Changed History



A 2017 publication which will attract the attention of bibliophiles, art historians, literary scholars and many others, Books That Changed History published by Dorling Kindersley features essays on seventy-two works, ranging from Ancient Egyptian books of the dead to Rachel Carson's Silent Spring.

See a review of this title at Reviews & Discussion of "Books that changed history"

Some original and some facsimile editions of many of these works feature in the James Hardiman Library's Special Collections. Over the next months we will put our copies of some of these titles on display in the Archives and Special Collections Reading Room for you to enjoy, together with the relevant commentary contained in Books that changed History. The initial display features the first volume of Carl Linneus' System Naturae, published in France in 1789. This copy is from the University's Old Library collection, features in the early library printed catalogues and bears the stamp of Queen's College, Galway.


The second chosen title in this display is a modern complete and annotated edition of the Chronicle of the world 1793, commonly known as the Nuremberg Chronicle. This fine edition was published by Taschen in 2001. It is stored in our Special Collections and can be read on request in the Archives & Special Collections Reading Room on the ground floor of the Hardiman Research Building (Room HRB005).


Wednesday, January 24, 2018

'Archives and Education' - CFP Open for Special Issue of ARA Journal, 'Archive and Records'



Archives and Records: The Journal of the Archives and Records Association

Now welcoming Submissions for a Special Issue on Archives and Education: New Pedagogies and Practice.

This special issue of Archive and Records seeks to explore innovative pedagogical approaches to engagement with archival collections at higher education institutions. Of particular interest are submissions that explicate change through pedagogical practice in both institutional strategy and the engaged population. The issue aims to facilitate a dialogue between researchers, practitioners, archivists, curators, users, educators and scholars and to address questions such as the following:
        What are the most pressing pedagogical demands being placed on archival collections at higher education institutions and how has this impacted on short, medium and long terms engagement strategies?
        How have archival teams attempted to engage with their target demographics and what successes have been achieved in the attraction of new audiences?
        How has pedagogical design been integrated into the development of existing and/or new engagement strategies?
        What are the technological challenges associated with such pedagogical engagement and how has fusion of traditional archival practice with pedagogical design enhanced the learning experience for all involved?
        How have archivist/teachers developed and embedded critical thinking and archival literacy skills into key partnerships for new impacts in teaching and learning?
        How have academic archive repositories expanded their user base into non-traditional user groups?
        How have material culture and digital pedagogies combined within the learning space?
        What has been the impact of the application of learning theory in practice on the archival teams?
        How can archival teams begin to think about supporting students across a wide variety of disciplines through pedagogical design and practice?
        What are the challenges that archival teams are facing in the future and how can relationships with educational/designers help to develop programmes that respond to the needs of the students population with a measurable impact?

Academic libraries are being refocused and repositioned within the traditional infrastructure of higher education and learning. Library and archive repositories are the engine room of such higher education institutions, fibrously connected to the objectives of impactful and innovative learning, teaching research. Such archive resources support and inspire students in response to a wide variety of demands. Increasing pressure on academic libraries and archival collections in particular, to demonstrate impact, is prompting institutions to evaluate established practices, respond to demand and to plan for the future. 

However, in the last thirty years these demands have changed along with a rapid, although not in parallel, evolution of technology, provoking debate amongst this community around how to pedagogically support engagement with collections with demonstrable output. New developments in pedagogical design for student engagement also predominate, responding to the need for the development of 21st century skills that students require to make a successful transition into employment. The digital archive is becoming ever-more integrated into the digital classroom – but what are the implications for this as regards learning through and with tangible objects and the physical record? The role of ‘archivist-as-teacher’ and mediator of the educational experience is taking greater prominence. The reading-room becomes an extension of the lecture theatre.

Current discourse and evidence places high prominence on transferable graduate attributes – those who can learn and work co-dependently as well as independently. Society today, owing to recent global economic and political changes, maintains a cautious position and distrust towards information and data. Documented evidence and testimony has become weaponised. The faculties of critical thinking, evaluation, analytical skills and academic/argumentative writing can be learnt directly from creative engagement with learning through encountering archive collections.

Academic libraries underpin such learning experiences and skills development through archive literacies. There is a need, therefore, to develop a better understanding of how the library and archival collections of higher education institutions can meet the expectations placed upon them while concomitantly meeting the expectations of increasingly dynamic pedagogical environments.
We invite papers on any aspect of pedagogical engagement with archival collections. Submissions to this special issue might consider, although are not limited to, the following themes:

        Archival collections and the educational practitioner
        The archivist and the 21st century student
        Archives and material culture in the digital era – learning through encountering
        Archival collections and technological enhanced learning experiences
        Pedagogical design for engagement with archival collections
        21st century skill development in the archival environment
        Educational theory in archival practice
        Managing and facilitating pedagogical engagement with archives
        The impact of evolving technology on short, medium and long term planning

Further details:
Prospective authors are invited to contact the Guest Editors, in order to discuss proposed articles for this special issue of Archives and Records which will be published in Spring 2020.

Dr. Paul Flynn, Lecturer in TechInnovation (NUI Galway) paul.flynn@nuigalway.ie
Barry Houlihan, Archivist (NUI Galway) barry.houlihan@nuigalway.ie

Timelines: 
The deadline for expressions of interest is 31 November 2018. All submissions will be double blind peer-reviewed and should be presented in line with the Archives and Records style guidelines.
The final deadline for article submissions is 30 June 2019.


Archives and Records is an international peer-reviewed journal which publishes original research contributions to the fields of archives and records management and conservation. Published on behalf of the Archives and Records Association and originally published as The Journal of the Society of Archivists, it deals with the very latest developments in these fields, including the challenges and opportunities presented by new media and information technology. As well as being issued to ARA Members, Archives and Records has over 3,000 Institutional and Individual subscribers around the world. The journal is published in hard copy and online by Taylor & Francis twice annually. Topics of recent and forthcoming special issues include ‘Archives and Museums’, ‘Archives and the visual arts’, ‘Born digital description’, ‘The local record office in the UK’ and ‘Archives and public history’.


Friday, December 22, 2017

A Muintir na Tíre Christmas release

The project to arrange and catalogue the Muintir na Tíre archive is nearly complete. After the Christmas break I will be spending the last two weeks finalising the catalogue and writing up reports and a blog or two on the project to arrange and catalogue the Muintir na Tíre archive.

As an early Christmas present into the work of Muintir na Tíre we have released the The Official Handbook/Rural Ireland annual from 1941 to 1955 online. This annual provides information on the guilds, those on the national executive and the work that Muintir na Tíre were involved in during the year. This is available for anyone to read and is available here. Thanks to the collaboration with colleagues in the Digital Publishing and Innovation Team.More journals will be coming on line in the New Year. 


We hope you have enjoyed our blogs on the work that has been done on the Muintir na Tíre archive and some of the topics that have been discovered in the archive. This collection will be available for use for research in 2018 so do keep an eye out for when it will be released. 

Tuesday, December 19, 2017

A Christmas Archive Miscellany - Festive Acts and Writings

Christmas has inspired personal stories and writings for so many of Ireland's writers. From playwrights to novelists, the story of Christmas and what it means, in comedy and tragedy, for so many has resulted in great works, many of which are within the Archives of the Hardiman Library here at NUI Galway.

Draft of story, Christmas, by John McGahern

The writer John McGahern explored this particular time of year in one of his short stories. How that story even came to be is a story in itself. Christmas is the story of the young boy deposited to a family at Christmas time from an orphanage. He rejects a gift he is given, that of a toy aeroplane and this act forms the centre of McGahern's attention in the drafting of the story. The McGahern Archive contains numerous drafts of the story which was first published in the Irish Press in 1968. Numerous titles range from Santa ClausA Gift for HimselfThe Aeroplane, before finally being published as Christmas in the volume of short stories Nightlines in 1970.

Draft of story, Christmas, by John McGahern


The opening line of many of the drafts begin with "The thaw overhead in the bear branches had stopped the evening we filled the load for Mrs. Grey". This would imply that winter has passed and Christmas is over. Yet the published story opens with a different scene, one of a young boy being boarded onto a train, described as a "ward of State" and being sent to live with 'Moran' for the Christmas period. Moran is a recurring name within McGahern's work, also being the family name within his 1991 novel Amongst Women. The novel itself was nearly called The Morans, only to be changed very close to publication.

Given so much effort of redrafting, editing and re-titling of the story is evident with McGahern's papers, it is clear this particular story meant quite a deal for the writer in the late 1960s. The variances in handwriting styles also show the revisions were carried out over a number of years, as McGahern's hand changed over the years.

Cover of A Christmas Carol, Lyric Theatre Archive, 1981
Another traditional Christmas tale is that of the Dickens classic A Christmas Carol. The Lyric theatre in Belfast staged in 1980 in a version by John Boyd. Boyd was a prolific playwright during the previous decade of the 1970s, writing some of the most important plays regarding the ongoing conflict in Northern Ireland with works such as The Flats in 1972 also presented by the Lyric Theatre. In his introduction to the play, Boyd writes of Dickens' story being linked to the plight of everyday life in Belfast at the time. The Lyric theatre founding director, Mary O'Malley, was so enthused with Christmas-themed drama that one of the very first productions by the Lyric players was a version of The Nativity, by Lady Augusta Gregory in November 1950. The script of this had to be procured from the Gate Theatre, Dublin, as seen in the letter here.
Scene from the Nativity by Lady Gregory, Lyric Theatre Archive, 1950
Letter from Gate Theatre sending script of The Nativity to the Lyric Theatre
Lyric Theatre Archive.
At the Gate Theatre itself, the theatre staged a revival production of Micheál MacLiammóir's Christmas play, Home for Christmas or A Grand Tour. First staged in 1950, in the original programme note, reproduced in the 1976 revival programme, MacLiammóir recounts how he was prompted to write the play by Orsen Wells about an prosperous English family touring across Africa and Europe at a time of Victorian empire and exploration. MacLiammór took that advice but set the story among an wealthy Irish family who are returning from world travels to Ireland for Christmas.






We wish all our readers a very
 happy Christmas and best wishes for 2017!


Thursday, November 23, 2017

Archive Launch and symposium celebrating John Arden and Margaretta D'Arcy

British and Irish Political Theatre Since 1950: Celebrating the Legacies of John Arden and Margaretta D’Arcy

O’Donoghue Centre for Drama, Theatre and Performance
 Friday 24 November 2017, 09.30-17.00
John arden and Margaretta D'Arcy, Galway, 1972

09.30 –10.30 Symposum welcome and introduction (Patrick Lonergan) Patrick Duggan 'Attempting Conversations with the State: 'Loose' Performances of Radical Resistance'
Chair: Marianne Ni Chinneide

10.30 – Coffee.

11.00 - 11.40: Formal Launch of the John Arden and Margaretta D’Arcy Archive at NUI Galway

11.45-12.30:  Sources for Research on John Arden and Margaretta D’Arcy 
Kieran Hoare (NUIG)– The Arden/D’Arcy archive at NUI Galway 
Harriet Reed: (Victoria and Albert Museum) “Arden, D’Arcy and the Irish in the Royal Court Archive’.
Chair: Barry Houlihan

12.30-13.30 – Reception with sandwiches/lunch at this time.

13.30- 14.45: Showcase of NUI Galway research on British and Irish political theatre since 1950
•       Miriam Haughton, “Staging Trauma: Politicising Performance”
•       Lionel Pilkington, ‘The Challenges of Anti-Capitalist Theatre in 1980s Ireland’
•       Patrick Lonergan, The Troubles Untroubled: Jez Butterworth’s The Ferryman
•       Charlotte McIvor, ““Archives, Activism, Absence: Suzanne Day’s “Toilers” and ‘Where Are the Irish Women Playwrights’ (Again)”
Chair: Ian Walsh

14.45 – break

15.00 – 15.45  Vicky Angelaki, “Contemporary British Political Playwriting: The Disappearing Binary”
Chair: Catherine Morris

Conclusion of symposium.

15.45 – coffee/tea


16.00 – 17.00 Margaretta D’Arcy public interview



Monday, November 20, 2017

'Explore Your Archive' week at the Hardiman Library


James Hardiman Library


 invites you to


Explore your Archive


  Wednesday 22nd November
11:30-13:00
 (Bridge Room), Hardiman Research Building
Four of NUIG Library Archivists will give a 10-minute talk (see below) and you will have an opportunity to view exhibits and ask questions.
Tea/Coffee will be served from 11:30 


Muintir na Tíre Periodical literature – Fiona Kearney



Muintir na Tíre is a national voluntary organisation dedicated to promoting the process of community development. The archive consists of material from the foundation of Muintir na Tíre Limited in 1931,the foundation of Muintir na Tíre in 1937 to the end of the 20th century.

Sir Peter Freyer - Kieran Hoare

Sir Peter Freyer was born on 2 July 1851 and was baptized in the parish church at Ballinakill, Co Galway on 26 July.  He was the eldest of the children of Samuel Freyer, a small landholder of Sellerna, near Cleggan and his wife Celia Burke.   He went to the Erasmus Smith School in Galway and won a scholarship to attend the Queen’s College, Galway.    He had a distinguished academic career at the College, obtaining in 1872 a first-class honour degree in Arts and winning the gold medal, two years later he was awarded his M.D., again coming first in his class. He worked in the Indian Medical Service from 1877 to 1894, becoming a specialist in urological surgery. On his return he set up in private practice in Harley St., becoming involved in the training of the Army Medical Corps among other things in the early twentieth century. He was active as a supervisor of a number of army hospitals during World War One. He died on 9 September 1921, aged 70 and is buried beside his father in the Church of Ireland cemetery at Clifden, Co Galway.

  

The Rynne Family Archive: Ireland Through Generations - Barry Houlihan



The Rynne family archive comprises records of multiple generations of a family which had formative roles in shaping Irish culture and society from the Revolutionary era through to recent years. Dr Michael Rynne, a veteran of the War of Independence also served as Irish ambassador to Spain in the Free State; his sister Mary, was a prominent writer and playwright at the Abbey Theatre, Dublin. Michael’s son, Etienne, was Professor of Archaeology at NUI Galway, a position he held for thirty years. This talk explores the processes of preserving and cataloguing this vast family collection




 Michael Maurice O'Shaughnessy: Engineering the Promised Land - Aisling Keane


The Michael Maurice O'Shaughnessy archive is the basis for an exhibition that is currently on display in the Hardiman foyer, Michael Maurice O'Shaughnessy 1864-1934: Engineering the Promised Land. It tells the story of the Limerick man, who in 1884 graduated from Queen's College Galway as NUI Galway was known at the time. He emigrated to California the following year, where he enjoyed an illustrious career as a civil engineer. From 1912-1932 he served as San Francisco's City Engineer. In this role he oversaw iconic projects in the region, including San Francisco's hydro-electric power scheme, and he approved the concept for the Golden Gate Bridge. The archive offers a window into the life of an Irish emigrant in America in the late 19th century, and documents a fascinating time of  development in America.

Tuesday, October 31, 2017

Muintir na Tíre involved in Community Alert and Community Enterprise Development

Muintir na Tíre have been involved in many initiatives and projects throughout its history. Some of the projects they have been involved in include rural electrification, building of community halls and centres, EEC Pilot Project for the Training of Trainers and The Tidy Towns competition. Further information on the many projects they have been involved in can be found here.

Some of the files that I have recently catalogued have dealt with two big initiatives that Muintir na Tíre have been involved in. Both of these initiatives involved community development and empowering the local community to work together.

The first initiative is Community Alert which Muintir na Tíre are still involved with today. Muintir na Tíre became involved with Community Crime Prevention back in 1985. The idea of Community Alert was Muintir’s response to a number of vicious attacks on elderly people in 1984 and 1985 in rural Ireland. 


Muintir na Tíre worked with An Garda Síochana to establish the community crime prevention programme. Neighbourhood Watch had been introduced in urban areas in 1984 and Community Alert was launched in 1985 for rural areas.

 

Community Alert was organised by local community councils or interested local people with the help of a Muintir na Tíre Development Officer and a Garda. Community Alert road signs were erected in local areas and a local campaign was established.

Funding for Community Alert was provided by government departments including Department of Social, Family and community Affairs, Department of Health and Children and Department of Justice, Equality and Law Reform.

The files in the collection give us a great understanding of the development of community alert and how Muintir na Tíre were to the forefront of its development. To find out more about the Community Text Alert Scheme run by Muintir na Tíre today visit here.

The second initiative that Muintir na Tíre was involved in was with the Youth Employment Agency. They employed an Enterprise Development Officer to work with community groups to establish community enterprises to create jobs in the local community. 

The beginnings of an initiative to have full time staff involved in community development training began with the EEC Pilot Project in the 1970s but it was not until the mid 1980s that they got to initiate the initiative. Through the support and financial backing of the Youth Employment Agency, which later became FÁS, they were able to employ a fulltime Enterprise Development Officer.


This work was led by Eamon O’Sullivan, the Enterprise Development Officer, and he worked with numerous community groups such as Burgess Community Enterprise Group, Castletownroache Community Enterprise Co-op, Galbally Community Enterprise Group and Tallow Community Enterprise Group.


The files detail the work that Eamon did with each group to investigate and establish various community enterprises. They also detail how the state agencies were working with different groups to improve the unemployment situation that was in Ireland during the 1980s. 


The programme ran until 1988 and while there was some success with industries formed by local Enterprise groups not all groups involved in the programme were a success. The files provide us with great insight into the programme and how Muintir na Tíre worked with government departments. The programme was another example of how Muintir na Tíre was always working with communities to be self-reliant.

There are many more examples of the initiatives that Muintir na Tíre were involved in in the collection and this shows the impact and involvement that they have had on Irish society in their 80 year history.